March 7, 2019 | Madison v Alabama – Death Penalty and Dementia
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
No one can be made to defend themselves against a crime the government says he/she committed under federal law unless a group of people (grand jury) agrees that the charge is real, and then that person is officially accused. Cases involving the armed forces or the National Guard are exceptions during wartime. No one can be held responsible for the same, crime more than once. No one can be made to testify against himself or herself, and the government cannot take away anyone’s life, freedom, or property without applying the law. Private property cannot be taken for public use without a fair payment.