Travel Ban Stayed in Trump v Hawaii
The U.S. Supreme Court again delved into the controversy surrounding the Trump Administration’s travel ban. The Court denied the Government’s motion seeking clarification of its June 26, 2017 order. However, it stayed the district court’s order modifying the preliminary injunction with respect to refugees covered by a formal assurance pending resolution of the Government’s appeal to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Supreme Court’s Prior June 27 Order
As discussed in greater depth in a prior post on the travel ban, President Donald Trump’s March 6 executive order, Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States, Exec. Order No. 13780 (EO), suspended the entry of nationals from six Muslim countries for 90 days. The EO stated that the pause is necessary to ensure that dangerous individuals do not enter the United States while the Executive is working to establish “adequate standards . . . to prevent infiltration by foreign terrorists.” The EO also suspends “decisions on applications for refugee status” and “travel of refugees into the United States under the USRAP” for 120 days following its effective date.
On June 27, 2017, the Supreme Court held in Trump v. International Refugee Assistance Project, 582 U. S. ____ (2017), that individuals from affected countries who have “a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States” must still be allowed to enter the country. The justices agreed to fully consider the legality of the travel ban during the first session of the October Term 2017.
In reaching its decision, the Court highlighted that the temporary suspension of entry of aliens abroad under Section 2(c) does not place the same burden on individuals with no connection to the United States. Accordingly, it concluded that the injunctions should be limited to “people or entities in the United States who have relationships with foreign nationals abroad, and whose rights might be affected if those foreign nationals were excluded.”
Supreme Court’s July 19 Order
This time around, each side won a small victory. The Supreme Court rejected the Government’s request to clarify what it meant by the phrase “close familial relationship.” Accordingly, the district court’s determination that phrase includes grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins, and siblings-in-law will remain in place. The Government had argued that the exception should be limited to parents, stepparents, spouses, fiancés or fiancées, sons and daughters (including stepchildren and sons- and daughters-in-law), and siblings.
The Government also challenged the district court’s ruling that the temporary ban on the admission of refugees should not apply to refugees for whom the federal government had already entered into an agreement with an agency to help the refugees with resettlement after they enter the United States. According to the Government, the district court’s broad interpretation would allow nearly all refugees to enter, noting that a resettlement agency does not actually have a relationship with the refugees it is assisting until they arrive in the United States. On this issue, the Supreme Court agreed to stay the order pending an appeal to the Ninth Circuit.
The Court also scheduled oral arguments in the two cases involving the travel ban, Trump v. Hawaii and Trump v. International Refugee Assistance Project, for October 10, 2017. The two cases have been consolidated for one hour of oral argument.
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Preamble to the Bill of Rights
Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.
THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.